Hopewell is a US National Historic Site, and is managed by the National Parks Service

One of the reasons Hopewell was  located here, was a plentiful supply of wood for charcoal as well as the iron ore and running water to drive the equipment.  Charcoal was burned out in huge circular 'Charcoal Heaths', like the one shown below.  After the  wood was piled up, it  was covered in turfs or earth to exclude the air, and then burned to make charcoal.  The 'Collier' lived in makeshift huts like the one shown right, while he was tending a 'hearth'.  In fact the hut  was often built in a place  where he  could tend  more than one hearth at a time. 


The furnace bellows were powered by a huge waterwheel, something I would never have thought of.   However, I was so busy looking at the furnace and the blacksmith's hut that I forgot to take any pictures of them, but I am sure you know what they look like anyway.  What impressed me about this, and many other historical sites, was how  much  stuff was preserved and restored.  here at Hopewell they not only had some of the employee houses (shown below)  but the owners house and some farm buildings too.   Guess what?  I didn't get any pictures of those either.